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Maud Loireau

Maud Loireau

Ingénieur de recherche en agronomie et géographie, Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD)

Diplômée de l’ISTOM (ingénieur en agro-développement international) et d’un doctorat en géographie rurale, Maud Loireau travaille depuis plus de 25 ans en zones arides sahéliennes et Nord-Sahara en partenariat avec l’Observatoire du Sahara et du Sahel (OSS).

Ses recherches consistent à construire, formaliser et utiliser des cadres conceptuels (observatoire, paysage, coviabilité, attachement aux lieux) et des méthodes (de collecte de données, de co-construction et formalisation de connaissances partagées, de modélisation) pour caractériser les liens entre les systèmes en jeu et leurs empreintes spatio-temporelles, entre les sociétés concernées et leurs espaces de vie. Menées sur des territoires fragiles et/ou en transition sous contrainte des changements globaux à enjeux de gestion, elle développe ainsi des moyens d’observer, analyser et suivre les dynamiques de ces territoires, et in fine contribue à enrichir et partager la connaissance pour faciliter les discussions et négociations entre acteurs, accompagner les décisions et actions des gestionnaires.

Au titre de sa production scientifique (une 60aine de chapitres d’ouvrage, articles de revue ou d’actes de colloques), de son expertise acquise, principalement sur la problématique de la désertification, et de son réseau de partenaires Sud et Nord consolidé, elle anime les thèmes « Observatoires scientifiques sociétés/milieux », et « Relations société-milieu et écologie : de la connaissance à l’action », respectivement dans le cadre du GDR MAGIS (http://gdr-magis.imag.fr) et celui de la SFE (https://www.sfecologie.org), et elle encourage la communication entre scientifiques, politiques et société civile en tant que membre du CSFD (http://www.csf-desertification.org).

The immense challenge of desertification in sub-Saharan Africa

Oct 05, 2017 03:43 am UTC| Insights & Views Nature

Today, dry areas represent more than 41% of land on the globe and they are home to more than two billion people. They are the stage for the ongoing process of land degradation that is aggravated by climate fluctuations ...

1 

Economy

U.S. Treasuries slump after White House officials seen divided over imposition of harder tariffs on China

The U.S. 10-year Treasuries slumped during European trading hours Friday after mild signs of cooling trade war between the United States and China were observed, as White House officials remain divided over a harder action...

German bunds slump despite lower-than-expected June manufacturing PMI; Eurozone PMIs cheer investors

The German bunds slumped during European session Friday even as the countrys manufacturing PMI for the month of June came in lower than market expectations. However, eurozones PMIs cheered investors, thus lending...

New Zealand’s net migrant inflows continue to trend downwards in May; impetus to GDP growth likely to shrink

New Zealands monthly net migrant inflows continued to trend downwards, but ticked up on last month as arrivals bounced while departures continued to lift. Short-term visitor arrivals lifted and continue to hold at elevated...

USD/TWD likely to head for 30.5 as global markets start to react seriously on threat of trade war, says Scotiabank

The USD/TWD currency pair is expected to head for 30.5 level as global markets have started to take threat of trade war seriously, according to the latest research report from Scotiabank. USD/TWD NDF points are now trading...

JGBs trade tight after May consumer price inflation meets estimates, June manufacturing PMI rises

The Japanese 10-year government bonds traded in a tight range on Friday after the countrys national consumer price inflation (CPI) for the month of May met market expectations, although remaining far from the Bank of...

Politics

Venezuelans are boycotting their presidential election

Venezuelas May 20 presidential election may be an election in name only. Nicolás Maduro is widely expected to be reelected as Venezuelas president despite his 20 percent approval rating and profound mismanagement...

Ramaphosa's new dawn: much better, but not nearly enough

Cyril Ramaphosas rise to power has been greeted enthusiastically by most South Africans. Their hope is that the new president represents a leadership cohort within the governing African National Congress (ANC) thats...

Profile: Avigdor Lieberman, Israel's hardline defence minister

One of the most divisive figures in Israeli politics, Avigdor Lieberman, has been his countrys defence minister since May 2016. Despite his publicly acrimonious relationship with the prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu,...

The first terrorist act in Indonesian prison: the triggers and how to prevent them

Indonesia witnessed another terrorist act last week. But, this time, it occurred in a maximum-security detention centre located at the polices Mobile Brigade headquarters in Depok, West Java. More than 150 terrorist...

South Africa's print media is failing to empower citizens on corruption

The mainstream media can play an important role in fighting corruption. Investigative journalists in South Africa, for instance, helped to expose how the politically connected Gupta family captured elements of the...

Science

Bacteria Could Be the Key To Breathing on Mars, Study Says

The atmosphere on Mars is so thin that humans wont be able to breathe on the red planet unless they are wearing space suits. With plans to colonize it, wearing the bulky apparel would pose a considerable level of...

Magnets Could Be the Key to Better Wine, Study Finds

Humans have been making wine since pre-historic times, with the discovery of alcoholic beverages made from honey dating thousands of year back. Throughout the millennia, new methods for wine-making have cropped up. This...

Antipsychotic Drugs Increases Risks Of Obesity and Diabetes In Children, Study Says

Update: The article previously mentioned that antipsychotic drugs were used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The study does not mention this fact and we apologize for the inaccurate statement....

Scientists Just Found A Black Hole That Is Eating Everything In Its Path

Black holes are some of the most terrifying subjects in the realm of science. Not only do they offer a glimpse into the raw power that is present in the universe, they also invoke undefinable terror in those who imagine...

Salt Could Prevent Hearing Loss After An Explosion

In movies, whenever a bomb goes off or an explosion occurs, there is that iconic moment where sounds are muffled and there is a high-pitched ring that pervades the whole scene. While films can go over-the-top with regards...

Technology

Ukrainian Authorities Arrest 4 Programmers Operating Bogus Crypto Exchanges

Ukrainian authorities arrested four men who were tagged in six fraudulent virtual currency exchanges that eventually resulted in the financial losses of their victims. According to Cointelegraph, the men promoted the bogus...

Hydro-Quebec Tells Crypto Companies to Bid for Electricity

Earlier this month, Hydro-Quebec released an announcement stating that it will temporarily stop processing requests from crypto mining companies, with the mandate coming directly from the Quebec provincial government. The...

Swiss Federal Councillor Urges Inclusion of Blockchain in School Curriculums

Crypto miners and companies operating in this new industry have been gravitating towards Switzerland since the countrys stance on the nascent market is quite friendly. One of its regions has even been dubbed Crypto Valley,...

Festival Organizers Turn to Blockchain to Eliminate Scalpers

In the first of its kind, the promoters of a music festival will run the majority of an event via blockchain technology. This particular niche in the music industry has a deep-rooted problem with scalpers, those people who...

Apple Seeks Cancellation of 4 Qualcomm Patents

It is now starting to look like Apple and Qualcomm will never run out of reasons to drag each other to court. Recently Apple filed a complaint that seeks the cancellation of four patents granted to Qualcomm. As first...
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June 22 14:30 UTC Released

USECRI Weekly Annualized

Actual

3.1 %

Forecast

Previous

2.7 %

June 22 14:30 UTC Released

USECRI Weekly Index

Actual

150.1 %

Forecast

Previous

149.3 %

January 31 00:00 UTC 207328207328m

ARAnnual Primary Balance*

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Forecast

2016 bln ARS

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Bln AR bln ARS

January 31 00:00 UTC 207328207328m

ARAnnual Primary Balance*

Actual

Forecast

2016 bln ARS

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Bln AR bln ARS

January 22 19:00 UTC 219148219148m

ARTrade Balance

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Forecast

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-1541 %

January 31 00:00 UTC 207328207328m

ARAnnual Primary Balance*

Actual

Forecast

2016 bln ARS

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Bln AR bln ARS

January 22 19:00 UTC 219148219148m

ARTrade Balance

Actual

Forecast

Previous

-1541 %

January 31 00:00 UTC 207328207328m

ARAnnual Primary Balance*

Actual

Forecast

2016 bln ARS

Previous

Bln AR bln ARS

January 31 00:00 UTC 207328207328m

ARAnnual Primary Balance*

Actual

Forecast

2016 bln ARS

Previous

Bln AR bln ARS

January 31 00:00 UTC 207328207328m

ARAnnual Primary Balance*

Actual

Forecast

2016 bln ARS

Previous

Bln AR bln ARS

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