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Monica Duffy Toft

Monica Duffy Toft

Director of the Center for Strategic Studies at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University
Monica Duffy Toft is the Director of the Center for Strategic Studies at The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University and a professor of International Politics.

Before joining The Fletcher School, Professor Monica Duffy Toft taught at Oxford University’s Blavatnik School of Government and Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. While at Harvard, she directed the Initiative on Religion in International Affairs and was the assistant director of the John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies. She was educated at the University of Chicago (MA and PhD in political science) and at the University of California, Santa Barbara (BA in political science and Slavic languages and literature, summa cum laude). Prior to this, she spent four years in the United States Army as a Russian linguist. Monica’s areas of research include international security, ethnic and religious violence, civil wars and demography. Her most recent books include: Securing the Peace (Princeton, 2011); Political Demography (Oxford, 2012); and God’s Century (Norton, 2012). In addition she has published numerous scholarly articles and editorials on civil wars, territory and nationalism, demography, and religion in global politics.

Toft is a research associate of the Blavatnik School of Government at the University of Oxford and at Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. She is a supernumerary fellow at Brasenose College, University of Oxford, a Global Scholar of the Peace Research Institute Oslo, a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Minorities at Risk Advisory Board and the Political Instability Task Force. In 2008 the Carnegie Foundation of New York named her a Carnegie Scholar for her research on religion and violence, in 2012 she was named a Fulbright scholar, and most recently served as the World Politics Fellow at Princeton University.

Israelis and Palestinians warring over a homeland is far from unique

Dec 13, 2023 13:46 pm UTC|

The ongoing horrors unfolding in Israel and Gaza have deep-rooted origins that stem from a complex and contested question: Who has rights to the same territory? I am a scholar of international affairs, as well as...

Global Geopolitics Series

US will give military tanks to Ukraine, signaling Western powers' long-term commitment to thwarting Russia

Jan 26, 2023 12:04 pm UTC| Politics

President Joe Biden announced on Jan. 25, 2023, that the U.S. would send 31 M1 Abrams tanks to Ukraine following Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyys repeated requests for more military tanks to help wage its war...

The US isn't at war with Russia, technically – but its support for Ukraine offers a classic case of a proxy war

Oct 21, 2022 06:13 am UTC| Insights & Views

The United States and European countries continue to pledge their support to Ukraine as Russias invasion drags on into its ninth month and have backed their alliance with recurrent deliveries of advanced weaponry and...

America now solves problems with troops, not diplomats

Oct 04, 2019 14:42 pm UTC| Insights & Views

Is America a bully? As a scholar, under the auspices of the Military Intervention Project, I have been studying every episode of U.S. military intervention from 1776 to 2017. Historically, the U.S. advanced from a...

Identicide: How demographic shifts can rip a country apart

Apr 27, 2019 06:20 am UTC| Insights & Views

What happens to a country when its core national identity its preferred image of itself in terms of race or religion doesnt match its demographic reality? Say a Sunni-dominated Arab country is actually a majority Shia...

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Economy

Latest inflation figures are good news

The U.S. economy is slowing, but not crashing. In the dismal science, this is what counts as good news. Thats the message I took away from the latest inflation data, released May 15, 2024, which showed U.S. consumer...

The budget is full of good news, but good news isn’t the same as good management

This years budget has something for everyone, with very little in the way of cuts and no new taxes. Its a classic good news pre-election budget. Whether it is too good to be true hinges on whether this budget...

Interest rates: the ugly dilemma facing Europe’s central banks – and why it’s a mistake to cut too soon

Central banks in Europe are discovering an old dilemma: when they lower interest rates because inflation is slowing down, its likely to weaken their currencies. This in turn may delay the fall in inflation towards their...

Europe is still in short-term crisis mode over Ukraine and lacks a vision for its post-war identity

Some believe that the war in Ukraine has fundamentally changed Europe, giving birth to a different kind of European order. That is, it appears to be driving structural shifts in the way Europe is run and organised that...

Mortgage prisoners: regulatory changes and low credit scores have left thousands trapped in a cycle of high payments

There are 8.5 million households in the UK who own a home with a residential mortgage, often with fixed interest rates from two to five years. Usually, when that mortgage deal ends, the borrower will move to another deal...

Politics

Slovakia’s polarised politics: Robert Fico warned a politician could be violently attacked weeks before assassination attempt

Slovak society is in shock after a 71-year-old man fired five shots at the prime minister, Robert Fico, while he was greeting a small crowd after a meeting. Some members of the coalition government immediately blamed...

Infected blood scandal – what you need to know

The infected blood scandal has been hailed the worst treatment disaster in the history of the NHS. Over 3,000 people have died as a result of receiving contaminated blood products in the 1970s, 80s and 90s, and it is...

Modi’s anti-Muslim rhetoric taps into Hindu replacement fears that trace back to colonial India

The worlds largest election is currently under way in India, with more than 960 million people registered to vote over a period of six weeks. Spearheading the campaign for his Bharatiya Janata Party, incumbent Prime...

Some states’ populations are very much like the US overall – including 5 key states in the 2024 presidential election

Five of the seven states widely expected to be political battlegrounds in the 2024 presidential election have populations very much like that of the U.S. overall, in a range of demographic and socioeconomic...

Attempted assassination of Slovak prime minister follows country’s slide into political polarization

The assassination attempt against Slovakian Prime Minister Robert Fico has been widely condemned by world leaders as an attack on democracy. In Slovakia, the violent act similarly saw a unified response from the...

Science

Ancient DNA from an extinct native duck reveals how far birds flew to make New Zealand home

Ask a bird lover if they have heard of the extinct giant moa or its ancient predator, Haasts eagle, and the answer will likely be yes. The same cant be said of New Zealands extinct, but equally unique, mergansers a group...

Black holes are mysterious, yet also deceptively simple − a new space mission may help physicists answer hairy questions about these astronomical objects

Physicists consider black holes one of the most mysterious objects that exist. Ironically, theyre also considered one of the simplest. For years, physicists like me have been looking to prove that black holes are more...

Is dark matter’s main rival theory dead? There’s bad news from the Cassini spacecraft and other recent tests

One of the biggest mysteries in astrophysics today is that the forces in galaxies do not seem to add up. Galaxies rotate much faster than predicted by applying Newtons law of gravity to their visible matter, despite those...

Why are algorithms called algorithms? A brief history of the Persian polymath you’ve likely never heard of

Algorithms have become integral to our lives. From social media apps to Netflix, algorithms learn your preferences and prioritise the content you are shown. Google Maps and artificial intelligence are nothing without...

IceCube researchers detect a rare type of energetic neutrino sent from powerful astronomical objects

About a trillion tiny particles called neutrinos pass through you every second. Created during the Big Bang, these relic neutrinos exist throughout the entire universe, but they cant harm you. In fact, only one of them is...

Technology

Solana-Based Sphere Labs Launches Banking Integration on Telegram for Seamless Transfers

Solana-based Sphere Labs debuts a new Telegram extension that enables secure transfers between digital wallets and bank accounts with a nominal 0.1% fee. Sphere Labs Unveils Solana-Powered Telegram Extension for...

What’s Next for Ethereum? Execs Discuss Spot Ether ETF Approvals

Bill Hughes, the director of worldwide regulatory concerns at Consensys, took the permission as an admission that Ether is a commodity. Industry professionals discussed the development during a session on X Spaces...

PEPE Coin Extends Weekly Rally Over 80% Amid Significant Whale Accumulation

PEPE Coin has extended its weekly rally to over 80%, driven by significant whale accumulation and a fourfold increase in active addresses. This surge has propelled PEPE to become the third-largest meme coin globally, with...

'Insane Pump' Predicted for Altcoins as Traders Watch Key Resistance Levels

Cryptocurrency analysts predict an altcoin surge, driven by market cap growth and approaching resistance levels. Key Resistance Levels Approached Analysts are once more speculating regarding the possibility of an alt...
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