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Jan Lemnitzer

Jan Lemnitzer

Assistant Professor, Center for War Studies, University of Southern Denmark

My research looks at how modern international law was created in the 19th century, how it came to be applied across the globe and what that meant for international politics.

I have just published a book called Power, Law and the End of Privateering with Palgrave Macmillan, which explains why the 1856 Declaration of Paris marks a forgotten turning point in this story, inventing the main method we still use today to create new international law. It also highlights how its rules were enforced successfully in the major wars of the second half of the 19th century, before it was dismantled at the beginning of the First World War.

My postdoctoral project is called ‘Why is killing civilians bad? The history of a modern debate, 1848-1915’ and is an inquiry into when and why the idea that killing civilians was not only deplorable but illegal became a global norm. Humanitarian intervention was not invented in the 1990s, but we know very little about its 19th century precedents.

The aim of my research is to find out how this new norm was created and enforced, and why it spread so quickly beyond Europe. While the new rule for protecting civilians was never applied by any imperial power in its colonial policing, it did ultimately spell the end for ‘gunboat diplomacy’. Starting with the outrage against the brutal repression of the 1848 revolutions, I will show how our modern notions of ‘war crimes’ were formed.

Global Geopolitics Series

Is Trump's strike in Syria changing international law?

Apr 12, 2017 15:07 pm UTC| Insights & Views

The US airstrike against a Syrian air force base on April 7 was the first action of the new Donald Trumps administration to attract widespread support, garnering positive responses even from critics. From a legal...

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Economy

Cryptocurrency Brief: Bitcoin and altcoins drop on likelihood of increased regulation, Litecoin slumps over 2 pct – Wednesday, September 19th, 2018

BTC/USD: Bitcoin prices continued its range-bound trading during late European session Wednesday, although remaining tad lower. This comes after New York Attorney General claimed that crypto exchanges are unsafe for...

Global Geopolitical Series: Will China’s weak retaliation trigger phase three of tariff war?

On Monday, U.S. President Donald Trump announced 10 percent tariffs on $200 billion worth of Chinese goods, which will come into effect on September 24th of this year and will increase to 25 percent if a trade deal is not...

UK gilts tad lower after August consumer price inflation beats estimates; retail sales, 10-year auction in focus

The United Kingdoms gilts traded tad lower during European session Friday after the countrys consumer price inflation (CPI) data for the month of August beat market estimates, higher than the reading in July as well....

Weakness in Brazilian real likely to concern central bank; markets nervously await Presidential elections in October: Commerzbank

Weakness in the Brazilian real is likely to be a cause of concern for the central bank and as a result its statement is likely to refer to the risks for inflation, and it will signal its willingness to act should second...

New Zealand’s Q2 current account deficit widens larger than estimates; NZD/USD rises ahead of Q2 GDP

New Zealands current account deficit widened larger than market expectations during the second quarter of this year. While this was the largest deficit in three years, it is still low relative to history, and remains...

Politics

How passports evolved to help governments regulate your movement

The Trump administration is denying passports to U.S. citizens who live in Texas near the U.S.-Mexico border, according to news reports. The administration is accusing applicants of having inadequate documentation of...

Why do people talk politics online? Because they don't care what you think

Wading into a political debate online can be a minefield. Search any comment section or thread on a social media site, and youre likely to come across some pretty strong views. But thats not necessarily just the nature of...

National accounts show past performance no guarantee of future results

Wednesdays GDP figures were good. Growth was up 0.9% in the June quarter and 3.4% over the past 12 months. As they say in baseball: You cant boo a home run. But you can ask how likely the batter is to do it next time....

VIDEO: Michelle Grattan on changing the pension age, women in parliament and the au pair saga

Michelle Grattan talks to University of Canberra Vice-Chancellor and President Professor Deep Saini about the week in politics, including Prime Minister Scott Morrisons pilgrimage to the town of Albury, and his decision to...

VIDEO: Michelle Grattan on the Liberals' leadership spill and the controversy around au pair visas

Malcolm Turnbull gives a final press conference as prime minister, after he was brought down by conservative forces within his party. AAP/Mick Tsikas Michelle Grattan talks with University of Canberra Deputy...

Science

Game-changing resolution: whose name on the laws of physics for an expanding universe?

Astronomers are engaged in a lively debate over plans to rename one of the laws of physics. It emerged overnight in Vienna at the 30th Meeting of the International Astronomical Union (IAU), in Vienna, where members of...

Do dogs have feelings?

If you live with a dog you just know when its happy or miserable, dont you? Of course you do. Even the scientific community, now admits that dogs have emotions even if scientists cant directly measure what they are...

How hydrogen power can help us cut emissions, boost exports, and even drive further between refills

Hydrogen could become a significant part of Australias energy landscape within the coming decade, competing with both natural gas and batteries, according to a new CSIRO roadmap for the industry. Hydrogen gas is a...

Curious Kids: how does gravity pull things down to Earth?

This is an article from Curious Kids, a series for children of all ages. The Conversation is asking young people to send in questions theyd like an expert to answer. All questions are welcome: find details on how to enter...

Five reasons to forget Mars for now and return to the moon

Hopes of colonising Mars rest on the premise that we could terraform the red planet, making it habitable for humans with a breathable atmosphere and clement temperatures. However, a recent study cast doubt on the idea,...

Technology

OnePlus 6T Release Date, Price, Features: Why Did the Manufacturer Remove the Headphone Jack?

The OnePlus 6T is heavily rumored to be released on Oct. 17 and smartphone enthusiasts are awaiting confirmation from the company itself if this news has any authenticity. So far, however, the Shenzhen-based company hasnt...

'Red Dead Redemption 2' Release Date, Features: Rockstar Gives Players a Sneak Peek at the Game's World

With Red Dead Redemption 2 almost a month away from gracing consoles, the anticipation for Rockstar Games western action-adventure game has been steadily building. It seems that Rockstar is leaning heavily towards the...

'Dragon Ball Xenoverse 2' Features: These Crazy Mods Lengthen the Lifespan of RPG Brawler

Dragon Ball Xenoverse 2 may be three years old already but fans dedicated to creating additional content for Bandai Namcos fighting roleplaying game are still finding fresh ways to make it a treat for all the other...

‘Kingdom Hearts 3’ Release Date, Trailer, Characters: Upcoming Trailer Is 40 Minutes Long?

Last week, Square Enix released another Kingdom Hearts 3 trailer, which features the world of Big Hero 6. While the teaser clip shows some gameplay and cut-scenes, fans of the franchise are voracious as ever to feast their...

iPhone XS Max, XS News & Update: Priciest iPhones Yet with Plenty of Drawbacks

The iPhone XS Max, XS models were recently unveiled, and reviewers and publications are already tearing into the gadgets with extreme hunger. As such, plenty of drawbacks were found on the devices, alongside some great...
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September 19 14:30 UTC Released

USEIA Weekly Crude Runs

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-0.442 M

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0.21 M

September 19 14:30 UTC Released

USEIA Weekly Refining Util

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-2.2 %

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-1 %

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1 %

January 31 00:00 UTC 333538333538m

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-1541 %

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January 22 19:00 UTC 345358345358m

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-1541 %

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2016 bln ARS

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Bln AR bln ARS

January 31 00:00 UTC 333538333538m

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2016 bln ARS

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Bln AR bln ARS

January 31 00:00 UTC 333538333538m

ARAnnual Primary Balance*

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2016 bln ARS

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Bln AR bln ARS

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