Postdoctoral Research Associate in Computer Science, Princeton University
I am interested in computer networks and security, and why the two don't get along very well. I enjoy being part of all phases of a research project—from sketching ideas on a whiteboard, to implementation, and finally deployment and maintenance. To this end, I have worked in the three research areas listed below. I keep maintaining code I have developed in these research projects, so they are open-ended in some sense.
Keeping bad actors out of the Tor network
As communities grow in size, it becomes increasingly hard to keep out bad actors, and Tor is no exception because the network is run by volunteers. In 2013, I started developing exitmap, a fast and flexible scanner for Tor exit relays. If you have a background in functional programming, think about it as a map() interface for Tor exit relays. It allows you to run arbitrary, TCP-based tests over each exit relay. One of the main tasks of exitmap is to expose and block malicious and misbehaving exit relays. I recently broadened my scope to Sybil relays, sets of Tor relays that are under the control of a single entity. I am developing sybilhunter which is meant to assist in finding and analysing Sybils.
Early on in my Ph.D. studies, I became interested in the Great Firewall of China (GFW). I was first exposed to the GFW in 2011, when trying to understand how it blocks the Tor network. I have since revisited the topic several times, to understand how the GFW fails over space and time, and how its active probing component is designed. As part of my work on the Tor network, I also helped characterise—and circumvent—a censorship system in Ethiopia.
Motivated by my work on censorship systems, I became interested in traffic obfuscation, i.e., shaping network traffic in a way that it is hard to classify and block. I started by developing a small tool for server-side circumvention. It was designed to prevent the GFW from recognising Tor handshakes on the wire. The tool transparently rewrites the window size in a SYN-ACK segment, forcing the client to split its initial payload across two segment instead of one. Back in 2012, the GFW would not reassemble TCP streams, rendering it unable to spot circumvention traffic “protected” by this tool. I then went on and developed ScrambleSuit, a polymorphic traffic obfuscation protocol. ScrambleSuit can protect against the GFW's active probing attacks by relying on a “password” that is shared between client and server. ScrambleSuit has since been superseded by the faster and more elegant obfs4, which is no longer maintained by me.
I am currently a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow at Somerville College, University of Oxford, where I now research the interaction between Arabic, Greek and Latin thought in medieval law, with a particular concentration on the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
I completed by DPhil in 2014, at the University of Oxford, on the topic of the relationship between theology, scholastic thought and the early English common law.
Dr Ryan's area of expertise is commercial equity, in particular the liability of third parties to a breach of trust. Her PhD formulated a new classification for Barnes v Addy liability. Her current research explores breach of fiduciary duty in apparently trustless commercial relationships and self-executing contracts, usually enabled by Blockchain technology. Dr Ryan designed and coordinates a commercial equity elective that examines directors’ duties, Ponzi schemes and the trust as an alternative to a corporate arrangement. Her teaching research investigates how authentic legal processes can improve law students' problem-solving. In conjunction with the UTS Connected Intelligence Centre, she is piloting the use of discourse analytics software to improve law students' legal writing skills.
Professor Phillip O’Neill is Director of the Centre for Western Sydney at Western Sydney University. Previously he was Foundation Director of the Urban Research Centre at WSU, and Director of the Centre for Urban and Regional Studies at the University of Newcastle.
Phillip is a widely published international scholar with expertise relating to economic and industrial change especially in large cities.
He had held visiting research fellowships at Bristol University, The University of Massachusetts, the National University of Singapore, the University of Oxford and University College London. Phillip was Editor-in-Chief of the journal Geographical Research 2010-14. He sits on the editorial boards of a number of leading international journals and is a member of the advisory board of iBuild, a leading UK infrastructure research venture.
Phillip has held six prestigious Australian Research Council grants including his current grants which investigate Australia’s obstinate infrastructure problems and international infrastructure financing trends.
Phillip writes regular columns for the Fairfax regional and community press and is a prominent media commentator.
In recent times he has completed a 25 year outlook study of employment for Western Sydney, an investigation of mortgage distress in significantly affected Western Sydney neighbourhoods, a detailed audit of Sydney’s threatened agricultural lands, and a path-breaking analysis of Sydney's fresh fruit and vegetable supply chains.
Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Institute of Sport and Exercise Medicine, Stellenbosch University
Phoebe Runciman is currently a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Institute of Sport and Exercise Medicine, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town. She was awarded her PhD in Exercise Science from the University of Cape Town, after completing her undergraduate degree in Sport Science and her Honours degree in Biokinetics. Her primary research focusses on individuals with disability, including performance, fatigue and exercise pacing strategies of elite athletes with cerebral palsy, brain regulation and muscle activity during exercise, functional capacity and biomechanics of lower limb amputees using bionic or mechanical knee and ankle prostheses, as well as epidemiology of injury and illness of athletes with disability at major sporting competitions (Summer and Winter Paralympic Games).
Associate Professor of Business Law, Heriot-Watt University
I am currently Associate Professor of Business Law at the School of Management and Languages at Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, where I started as lecturer in 2008. I was appointed Associate Professor in 2012. I have a permanent basis contract and I work full-time.
I am currently course-leader of International Banking and Financial Law (fourth your, honours’ level) and Employment Law (third year). In the past I have also been in charge of courses in Company Law at the Dubai Campus (2008/2009), International Trade Law (2012/2013) and a course of Law in HR Management (2008 to /2015). I am a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA; since 2010) and a member of the Scottish Graduate School of Arts and Humanities (since 2014).
In 2012, I won the student award at HWU for ‘Best Lecturer, Innovative Feedback’ and in 2014 I was awarded the prize as ‘Most Supportive Lecturer’ in the Business Management Department. In 2015, I have just completed the ‘treble’: I won the University special ‘Suave Award’. Prior to my appointment at Heriot-Watt University, I was tutor at the University of Edinburgh – Law School, in both contract law and tort, and visiting lecturer in Business Law I and Business Law II at Glasgow Caledonian University.
Graduating in Law from the University of Bari, Italy (summa cum laude) I then went on to complete my Ph.D. in Banking and Financial Law (Siena). I also have an LL.M. in European and International Trade Law (with distinction; Glasgow Caledonian University), a MSc in Banking and Finance (Siena) and a PGCAP (Post-graduate Course in Academic Practice; Heriot-Watt University). Additionally, I have a Diploma in Classical Studies (Lyceum Gymnasium 60/60). I am qualified as a lawyer in both Italy (Avvocato) and Scotland (Solicitor and Notary Public).
Following the completion of my Law degree I worked as a lawyer in the legal department of a number of large corporate banking and financial institutions (IMI, SAN PAOLO IMI, Deutsche Bank, where I was the head of the Corporate and Investment Banking Legal Department) as well as for the international Law Firm Baker & McKenzie (where I was Senior Associate in the Practice Group Banking, Finance and Securities). Latterly, I have worked and I am still working independently as a legal advisor and advocate providing legal assistance in the negotiation of international commercial and financial contracts (derivatives, credit derivatives, loans, syndicated loans, securitizations) to a number of corporations and financial institutions in Europe. I also provide advice in structured finance (securitizations) and capital markets transactions (M&As, take-overs, IPOs).
To date, I have contributed to more than 50 publications in the area of Business Law, with topics spanning Banking and Financial Law, Company Law, Employment Law and the Comparative Analysis in law. In 2014 I wrote with Matthias Haentjens, professor of Banking Law at the University of Leiden Law School, a textbook in European Banking and Financial Law; the book has been published by Routledge UK in June 2015. I am a member of the Editorial Board of both the Rivista Trimestrale di Diritto dell’Economia.
At Heriot-Watt University, I have been the Director of the Business Management Degree Programme since 2011. In the last 7 years, I have promoted and finalised the conclusion of partnerships with a number of Universities, among the others: Carlos III; Ca’ Foscari University of Venice; Ludwig Maximillian University Munich.
I have been Visiting Scholar in Banking and Financial Law at the law school of the University of Leiden (Hazelhoff Centre for the Financial law) since July 2014. I am also Professor of the Ph.D. School in Employment Law and Human Capital Formation at the University of Bergamo and Adjunct Professor of International Financial Law, at the University of Padua (‘MASCI’ post-graduate programme in International Commerce). In academic year 2014/2015, I was appointed visiting lecturer in labour law at the Law School of the University of Stirling, where I delivered an entire course to 20 students. At Ca' Foscari, University of Venice, I have been Visiting and Adjunct Professor in Mergers and Acquisitions (Law) since 2015.
I am fluent in English and Italian and conversant in both French and Spanish and I am dual citizen (British and Italian). I learned Latin and Ancient Greek for five years when I was at the Gymnasium. I still love the reading of the Roman classics in their original languages.
Pippa Norris is the McGuire Lecturer in Comparative Politics at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University and ARC Laureate Fellow and Professor of Government and International Relations at the University of Sydney.
A political scientist and public speaker, her research compares election and public opinion, political communications, and gender politics. She also served as Director of the Democratic Governance Group in United Nations Development Programme, NY and as an expert consultant to many international organizations such as the World Bank, Council of Europe and OSCE.
In 2011 she was awarded the Johan Skytte prize with Professor Ronald Inglehart for contributing innovative ideas about the relevance and roots of political culture in a global context. This is among the most prestigious prizes relating to the field of political science. She was also awarded the Kathleen Kitzpatrick Australian Laureate Fellowship by the ARC, a 'special recognition' award by the UK Political Studies Association, and a Doctor honoris causa for work 'at the forefront of global political science' by the University of Edinburgh. In 2014 she was awarded IPSA's Karl Deutsch prize.
Her current research focuses upon the Electoral Integrity Project, a major new multi-million 5-year research study. The project research team is based at the Department of Government and International Relations at the University of Sydney. It has been generously supported by many agencies, including the Australian Research Council. Recent and forthcoming publications include Why Elections Fail (2015), Contentious Elections (2015), Why Electoral Integrity Matters (Cambridge University Press 2014), Advancing Electoral Integrity (co-edited, Oxford University Press, 2014), Comparing Democracies 4 (Sage, co-edited April 2014), and also an edited symposium on electoral integrity in Electoral Studies (Oct 2013).
My research focuses on development of novel material systems and processes for development of functional nanomaterials. Our studies are focused on advancement of fundamental knowledge of electronic structures, carrier dynamics, and interactions between incident electromagnetic radiation and these nanoscale materials. Based on our understanding, we design and fabricate these nanostructured materials using a variety of top-down and bottom-up scalable nanofabrication techniques. We also employ a variety of spectroscopic methods including optical, electronic, ultrafast and other optoelectronic and surface sensitive spectroscopy techniques to study fundamental interaction between light, charge carriers and phonons in individual nanoparticles and mesoscale nanoparticle assemblies. This leads us to design principles for development of useful devices based on desired engineered nanoparticle properties and cooperative phenomenon in nanostructured assemblies.
Prem Sikka is Professor of Accounting at the University of Essex. His research on accountancy, auditing, corporate governance, money laundering, insolvency and business affairs has been published in books, international journals, newspapers and magazines. He has also appeared on radio and television programmes to comment on accountancy and business matters.
Máiréad Nic Craith joined the Department of Languages and Intercultural Studies as Professor of European Culture and Heritage in September 2012. She previously held a Chair in the School of Social Sciences and Applied Social Studies at the University of Ulster. Máiréad has held an honorary professorship at the University of Exeter as well as a DAAD guest professorship at the University of Göttingen. She has held other academic positions at the Universities of Liverpool, Dublin and Cork. She has received many accolades for her publications, including the Ruth Michaelis-Jena Ratcliff research prize for folklife (joint winner), which was awarded at the University of Edinburgh in 2004. Two years later she was awarded a Senior Distinguished Research Fellowship at the University of Ulster. In 2009 she was elected to the Royal Irish Academy, the highest academic honour in Ireland. Máiréad has served on numerous research evaluation panels in Europe and in Canada. She has recently been appointed assessor to the Australian Research Council.
Máiréad’s research focuses on different aspects of living heritage including literary heritage (from the Great Blasket Island), intercultural heritage (Cork), World Heritage sites (Skellig Michael), heritage and conflict (Northern Ireland) and heritage and law in a European context. Her recent publications include an exploration of the role of heritage in the Derry/Londonderry (the first UK City of Culture). Máiréad has published a number of edited volumes on heritage including Cultural Heritages as Reflexive Traditions (2007 with Ullrich Kockel) and Cultural Diversity, Heritage and Human Rights (2010 with William Logan and Michele Langfeld). She is currently co-editing the Blackwell Companion to Heritage (due for publication in 2014). In 2011, she was invited by the United Nations as an expert on access to heritage as a human right.
Language, power and cultural policy in European society have also been a sustained focus of interest throughout Máiréad's academic career. In 2009 Máiréad held a Leverhulme Research Fellowship examining the sense of dislocation that is experienced by bilingual authors living ‘in-between’ two cultures and two languages. She has explored key questions, such as the impact of political boundaries on the concept of language and the significance of language for citizenship. Máiréad has examined the quest for recognition and legitimacy among speakers of minority and contested languages and queried the non-recognition of migrant, non-European languages in the public space. In 2013, she was invited by the European Centre on Minority Issues as an expert on (linguistic) minorities.