Ph.D. Student in History, Energy and Foreign Relations, Georgetown University
Gregory Brew is a PhD candidate in the History Department of Georgetown University. He previously completed a BA in History at the University of Chicago and an MA in Global, International and Comparative History at Georgetown University.
His work focuses on US history, the history of the international oil industry and the modern Middle East, with a particular focus on Iran. His current project concerns Anglo-American modernization projects in Iran from 1925 to 1963, the relationship between oil revenues and economic development, and the ways in which modernization was meant to integrate Iran into a global oil system, before and after the 1953 Anglo-American coup d'etat.
Gregory reads Persian and regularly contributes to on-line publications on topics such as Iranian oil, US foreign policy, the international energy industry and Middle Eastern politics. He is also a contributing analyst for Wikistrat and a contributing writer for OilPrice.com.
In 2016 Gregory was awarded the Edwin J. Beinecke Jr. Scholarship by the Harry S. Truman Good Neighbor Foundation. He has received grants from the Cosmos Club Foundation, the Rockefeller Archive Center and from Georgetown University, including the Evan Armstrong North Graduate Student Scholarship in 2013.
Lecturer in Film Studies, Bangor University
I am Lecturer in Film Studies at Bangor University, from January 2016. Previously I taught Film, Television and Media Studies at University of Warwick (where I completed by PhD in December 2012), University of York, Leeds Beckett University and Manchester Metropolitan University. My book, The American President in Film and Television: Myth, Politics and Representation, was published by Peter Lang in 2014. It recently achieved runner-up in the British Association of Film, Television and Screen Studies' 2016 Best Monograph award.
Originally, I worked on mathematical logic and its applications to theoretical computer science. I applied combinatorics and probability to computer theory, and worked on "probabilistic methods." In addition, I got interested in mathematics education and philosophy. Meanwhile, because of an upheaval at my campus, I became active in the faculty union and involved in university policies and politics as well as Islam in America and terrorism. Then some chemists got me involved in crystallography and crystal design, and hence in nanoscience: much of my work during the last decade has been in applications of algebra, combinatorics and geometry to crystal design and other nanostructures, which involves some scientific computing. I have published on all these subjects in academic journals.
Greg’s expertise is in international law with research interests in its applications to counter-terrorism and to environmental protection. He teaches across these areas and Administrative Law.
His research in the area of environmental protection addresses mechanisms for the effective implementation of international environmental standards. In relation to counterterrorism, Greg is currently researching the laws of armed conflict in their application to non-State actors engaged in political violence at the level of hostilities.
Greg is an Associate Editor of the Yearbook of International Environmental Law and is a member of the Editorial Board (previously Editor-in-Chief) of the Review of European Community and International Environmental Law (RECIEL).
Professor of Economics, University of York
I am an academic economist at the University of York. I hold a BSc in Economics from METU, Ankara Turkey and MSc in Economics from the University of Warwick. I completed my PhD at York and have taught at various institutions, including University of Durham, METU, and University of York where I currently hold a Chair in Economics.
My main research interests are macroeconomics, political economy and international finance. More specifically my research has focussed on currency and financial crises, monetary policy, politics and policy making and more recently macroprudential policy and fiscal austerity.
Professor of History, University of St Andrews
Guy Rowlands’ research interests lie principally in late seventeenth- and eighteenth-century military, naval, financial and French history.
His first book, The Dynastic State and the Army under Louis XIV. Royal Service and Private Interest, 1661 to 1701 (Cambridge University Press, 2002), used political, social, cultural and military approaches to examine how Louis XIV and his ministers were able to increase the size of the French army five-fold over a period of 30 years, and it stressed the importance of integrating the multiple private interests of noble families into calculations of how to organise the state. This book was co-winner of the Royal Historical Society’s Gladstone Prize in 2003.
His recent work has been on early eighteenth-century financial history. His second book, entitled The Financial Decline of a Great Power. War, Influence, and Money in Louis XIV's France (Oxford University Press, 2012), places military paymasters and suppliers at the centre of an explanation of how and why the French state’s financial situation deteriorated dramatically during the War of the Spanish Succession. Louis XIV bequeathed a legacy of debt generated in this war to his successors that made an ultimate breakdown of government much more likely. The book focusses, as no book on early modern state finances has done before, on the full range of state financial activity – taxation, borrowing, monetary policy, the appropriations system and expenditure – to explain how things went so badly wrong.
His third book, Dangerous and Dishonest Men: the International Bankers of Louis XIV’s France (Palgrave, 2014), follows up the previous study by looking at the extraordinary but damaging role played by foreign exchange and international bankers in France’s eighteenth-century troubles. At the start of the eighteenth century Louis XIV needed to remit huge sums of money abroad to support his armies during the War of the Spanish Succession. This book explains how international bankers moved French money across Europe, and how the foreign exchange system was so overloaded by the demands of war that a massive banking crash resulted.
Prof. Rowlands is currently in negotiation with a major press for the production of a work of grand synthesis on “War and the State in the Early Modern European World”. He is planning a bid to funding councils for a major project on the emerging western European states, military power and the civilian contractors who serviced and supplied their armed forces in the period 1660-1730. In recent decades the defence establishments of the NATO powers have employed civilian contractors for logistical tasks on a very large scale once again, but there seems to be a real lack of appreciation that so many of these arrangements have been tried before, and particularly so once the state started to emerge in a recognisably modern form after the mid-seventeenth century. As part of this he is already working on another book on arms, artillery and absolute monarchy in Louis XIV’s France.
In the longer term he is working towards a comprehensive, international history of logistics from the mid-17th century to the present day. Prof. Rowlands also has extensive interests in European international and transnational relations between the 1660s and the outbreak of the French Revolution (1789), and he maintains an interest in Jacobitism on the continent between 1688 and 1720.
Dr Gwilym Croucher is a higher education researcher, analyst and policy adviser at the University of Melbourne. He is a Senior Lecturer in the Melbourne Centre for the Study of Higher Education as well as Principal Policy Adviser in Chancellery at the University. Previously he has worked as a researcher and lecturer in policy and political studies, as well as holding administrative positions in higher education. Gwilym is a regular media commentator on higher education and is currently a Chief Investigator on an ARC Discovery Project examining the origins and effects of the Unified National System of Higher Education in Australia.