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Fundamental Evaluation Series: EUR/USD vs. 2-year yield spread

The chart above shows, how the relationship between EUR/USD and 2-year yield spread (U.S. - Eurozone) has unfolded since 2012. It is evident that these short rates have been a key influencing factor for the pair as policy divergence became evident since 2013.

  • The chart clearly shows the close relationship between the yield spread and the exchange rate. Since December 2013, the yield spread declined from -0.2 percent area to -3.56 percent area by November 2018, and EUR/USD declined from 1.38 to 1.13 area.
  • However, in our December review, we noted that since the second week of November, the yield spread has reversed course, and rose from -3.56 percent to -3.26 percent, which suggested that there might be a reversal in the exchange rate going ahead, should the spread continue its reversal.
  • As expected the exchange rate reversed course and euro rose against the USD.
  • In March, the spread has further narrowed to -2.98 percent in March, and the euro remains well-bid at 1.136 against the USD.
  • In April, the spread remains broadly unchanged at -298 bps and the EUR/USD is continuing trading waters around 1.13 area.
  • In May, the spread further narrowed to -290 bps but EUR/USD has further weakened to 1.12 area.
  • In June, the spread further narrowed to -252 bps and the EUR/USD finally responding to the narrowing spread and moved higher to 1.132 area.
  • In July, the spread is at -256 bps and the Euro is currently trading at 1.123 against the USD.
By Saanando Das
  • Market Data
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